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The national unemployment rate, percent, edged down by percentage point over the month, but was points higher than in March Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 29 states and was essentially unchanged in 21 states and the District of Columbia in March May 12, · Deaths per , live births Notes "Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, – a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study ," The Lancet.
A general slowdown in economic activity, a downturn in the business cycle, a reduction in the amount how do you anchor furniture to a wall goods and services produced and sold—these are all characteristics of a recession.
The most recent recession began in December and ended in Junethough many of the statistics that describe the U. In this Spotlight, we present BLS data that compare the recent recession to previous recessions.
One of the most widely recognized indicators of a recession is higher unemployment rates. In Decemberthe national unemployment rate was 5. At the end of the recession, ;ercentage Juneit was 9. In the months after the recession, the unemployment rate peaked at Before this, the most recent months with unemployment rates over Compared with previous recessions, the higher proportion of long-term unemployed those unemployed for 27 weeks or longer in the recent recession and its post-recession period is notable.
NOTE: People are classified as unemployed if they do not have a job, have actively montb for work in the prior 4 weeks, and are currently available for work.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons as a percent of the labor force. The labor force is the total number of employed and unemployed persons. The long-term unemployment rate is the number of persons unemployed for 27 weeks or longer as a percent of the labor force.
To learn more, see How the Government Measures Unemployment. Unemployment rates of Blacks or African Americans and Hispanics or Latinos historically have been higher than the rate for Whites. In the months during and after the recent recession, unemployment rates for Blacks or African Americans and Hispanics or Latinos remained below the peaks they reached in andwhile the unemployment rate of Whites was very comparable to that of For many years, men's unemployment rates were generally lower than women's both during and between recessions.
However, since the early s, men's unemployment rates have been higher than women's during or immediately after recessions, and the rates for men and women have been quite what to do in new jersey in december in other periods.
Higher unemployment among men was especially notable during and immediately after the recent recession. Unemployment rates vary from one place to another. In the months after the end of the recent recession, North Dakota, Nebraska, and South Dakota had the lowest monthly unemployment rates 5. Nevada, California, and Michigan had some of the highest jobless rates above This is an interactive chart. Click the state names in the legend items to select which data are displayed. Compared with the unemployment rates of other industrialized countries, the U.
By the end of the recent recession, the U. Click the country names in the legend to select which data are displayed. Forty-seven months after the start of the recession that began in Novemberfor example, employment was more than 7 percent higher than it had been when the recession started. In contrast, 47 months after the start of the most recent recession Novemberemployment was still over 4 percent lower than when the recession began. Employment of young adults declined—as it did in all other groups—during the recent recession.
Employment of young men generally increased during much of After a dip in lateemployment of young men trended upward and then remained fairly stable until late fall ofwell into the recent recession. After a peak of about 88 percent in fallyoung men's employment declined from late fall until Junewhen it was just over 82 percent.
As a share of population, employment of young women tended to be about 8 to 9 percentage points below that of young men. After reaching a peak of over 79 percent in lateemployment of young women remained fairly stable through about Decemberand then, similar to that of men, it declined percentaeg it was about 73 percent in June NOTE: Young adults are those who were born in the years and and thus were ages 25 to 26 by December of and were ages 28 to 29 by December Generally, goods-producing industries experience the largest declines in employment during recessions.
Few industries attracted as much attention during the recent recession as financial activities, which experienced a 3. What are good self starter businesses increased in education and health services during the recent recession. In fact, employment has increased in education and health services for more than 30 years, regardless of the business cycle.
Employment in education and health services has decreased in only 1 of the 12 recessions that have occurred since NOTE: Because recessions vary in length, the percentage changes shown in the chart are highesy calculated across a different number of months for each birts and then converted to percentages expressed on an annualized basis. In lay terms, an "establishment birth" is the opening of a new business; an "establishment death" occurs when a business closes.
During the most recent recession, for the 3 months ended in Marchthe private sector experienced a total ofestablishment deaths andestablishment births a low for this data series, which began in —resulting in a net decrease of 63, establishments the biggest decrease since the data series began.
NOTE: Establishment births are counted when an establishment has zero employment in the third month four quarters in a row and then has employment above zero in the third month of a what places deliver after midnight excluding seasonal businesses that reappear with positive employment within the last five quarters.
Establishment deaths are units with no employment or zero employment reported in the third month what is your card issue number four consecutive quarters following the last quarter with positive employment.
Births and deaths are subsets of openings and closings, which excludes seasonal re-openings and shutdowns. The gap between births and borths data, as shown here, is one measure of net establishment change and differs from the tje between the number of opening establishments and the number perfentage closing establishments. The number of job openings, or unfilled jobs, is an important measure of the unmet demand for labor.
In the months tbe the start of the recent recession, the number of job openings, which reached a pre-recession peak of 4. During the thhe, the number of job openings decreased 44 percent while employment declined higehst percent over that same period. A month after the official end of the most recent recession, in Julythe number of job openings declined to a series low of 2.
Since then, the number of job openings has trended upwards and it has been over 3. Employment reached its recent low of million in February and has since increased to million.
A mass layoff occurs when at least 50 initial claims for unemployment insurance are filed against an establishment during a consecutive 5-week period. During the most recent recession, employers took 3, mass layoff actions in February involvingworkers, both of which are highs in their respective data series which both began in During this period, spending decreased in every major category except healthcare.
Much of this increase was due to the effects of inflation: a dollar in was worth more than a dollar in The Consumer Price Index is used to adjust these "nominal dollar" values into "constant dollar" values, such that a dollar in any year is worth the same as a dollar in any other year. Productivity is more likely to fall during a recession than it is during an economic expansion.
In 3 of the last 11 recessions, output fell more than labor input in the nonfarm business sector, leading to a fall in labor productivity. Productivity may also grow in recessions, when labor input falls more than output does. This occurred in montth of the last 11 recessions, including the most recent recession.
NOTE: Productivity is measured by comparing outputs the goods and services produced to inputs the labor and capital used in production. Labor productivity is the ratio of the output of goods and services to the labor hours devoted to the production of that output. The Employment Cost Index—which measures the change in the how to have a budget plan of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries—has been called a "lagging indicator.
This was far below the 3. Also see the archived articles in montn "Recession" index. Note: Data in text, charts, and tables are the latest available at the time of publication. Internet links may lead whta more recent data. Please send us your feedback and comments about this article. Menu Search button Search:.
Unemployment One of the most widely recognized indicators of a recession is higher unemployment mknth. Northeast South West Midwest Loading Source: Current Population Survey Chart Data For many years, men's unemployment rates were generally lower than women's both during and between recessions.
Click legend items to change data display. NOTE: In this chart, employment levels for recent recessions are set equal to at the start of each recession. The solid boxes on the chart indicate the beginning of recessions.
The empty box markers on each line indicate ends of how to relieve pelvic pressure. On the line for the recession that began in Januarya second solid box indicates the start of another recession that began in July Source: Current Employment Statistics Chart Data Employment of Young Adults Employment of young adults declined—as it did in all other groups—during the recent recession.
Source: National Longitudinal Surveys Chart Data Different Effects on Different Industries Generally, goods-producing industries experience the largest declines in employment during recessions.
Source: Current Employment Statistics Chart Data Establishment Births and Deaths In lay terms, percentafe "establishment birth" hivhest the opening of a new business; an "establishment death" occurs when a business closes. Source: Business Employment Percentaye Chart Data Job Openings and Employment The number of job openings, or unfilled jobs, is an important measure of the unmet demand for labor.
Source: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Employment Statistics Chart Data Mass Layoffs A mass layoff occurs when at least 50 initial claims for unemployment insurance are filed against an establishment during a consecutive 5-week period. Source: Consumer Expenditure Survey Chart Data Productivity Productivity is more likely to fall during a recession than it is during an economic expansion.
Source: Labor Productivity and Costs Chart Data Employment Costs The Employment Cost Index—which measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries—has been called a "lagging indicator.
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The percentage of pregnancy-associated deaths involving opioids. more than doubled. between and The increase in pregnancy-associated deaths involving opioids was more prominent among White women. In , 78% of pregnancy-associated deaths involving opioids were due to heroin or synthetic opioids (e.g., fentanyl)—an. However, Sub-Saharan Africa has seen a faster decline in its under-five mortality rate, with the annual rate of reduction doubling between – and – Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for 38 percent of global neonatal deaths, has the highest newborn death rate (34 deaths per 1, live births . State Health Facts provides free, up-to-date, health data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the United States, counties, territories, and other geographies. State Health Facts provides.
Menu Search button Search:. State Employment and Unemployment Summary For release a. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Forty states and the District had jobless rate increases from a year earlier and 10 states had little or no change.
The national unemployment rate, 6. Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 29 states and was essentially unchanged in 21 states and the District of Columbia in March Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 46 states and the District and was essentially unchanged in 4 states.
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Unemployment Hawaii and New York had the highest unemployment rates in March, 9. Nebraska, South Dakota, Utah, and Vermont had the lowest rates, 2. In total, 27 states had unemployment rates lower than the U. See tables A and 1. In March, North Carolina had the largest over-the-month unemployment rate decrease Thirty states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.
See table B. See table C. Nonfarm Payroll Employment Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 29 states and was essentially unchanged in 21 states and the District of Columbia in March See tables D and 3. Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 46 states and the District of Columbia and was essentially unchanged in 4 states. The largest job declines occurred in California -1,, , New York , , and Florida , The largest percentage declines occurred in Hawaii See table E.
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 21, , at a. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as they occur.
Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics CES program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID, the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the February final and March preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model.
In addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more information, see www. In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs.
Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi- monthly, and a small amount monthly.
Both the Current Population Survey inputs, which serve as the primary inputs to the LAUS models, and the nonfarm payroll employment and unemployment insurance claims covariates were examined for outliers. The resulting implementation of level shifts preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise would have discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create estimates at other points in the time series.
The "Frequently asked questions" document at www. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative to prior months, this misclassification continued to be widespread geographically, with BLS analysis indicating that most states again were affected to at least some extent. However, according to usual practice, the data from the household survey are accepted as recorded.
To maintain data integrity, no ad hoc actions are taken to reclassify survey responses. Hence, the household survey estimates of employed and unemployed people that serve as the primary inputs to the state models were affected to varying degrees by the misclassification, which in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for March Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey.
Due to the effects of the pandemic and efforts to contain the virus, Puerto Rico had not been able to conduct its household survey for March or April Since data collection resumed effective May , the Puerto Rico Department of Labor has reported a misclassification in its household survey similar in nature to the misclassification in the Current Population Survey.
States with unemployment rates significantly different from that of the U. Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes from February to March , seasonally adjusted Rate Over-the-month State February March change p p Alabama Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes from March to March , seasonally adjusted Rate Over-the-year State March March change p p Alabama Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from February to March , seasonally adjusted Over-the-month change p State February March p Level Percent Arizona Table E.
States with statistically significant employment changes from March to March , seasonally adjusted Over-the-year change p State March March p Level Percent Alabama