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Unicode is a character encoding scheme. It is designed to be universal, i.e. to include all scripts. It has a number of formats including 7-bit UTF-7 (now obsolete), 8-bit UTF-8, bit UCS-2 and UTF, and UTF It is defined and maintained by an industry body, the Unicode Consortium. Jan 24, · The objective of Unicode is to unify all the different encoding schemes so that the confusion between computers can be limited as much as possible. These days, the Unicode standard defines values for over , characters and can be seen at the Unicode Consortium. It has several character encoding forms.
Unicode provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language. Fundamentally, computers just deal with numbers. They store letters and other characters by assigning a number for each one.
Before Unicode was invented, there were hundreds of different systems, called character encodings, for assigning these numbers. These early character encodings were limited and could not contain enough characters to cover all the world's languages. Even for a single language like English no single encoding was adequate for all the letters, punctuation, and technical symbols in common use. Early character encodings also conflicted with one another.
That is, two encodings could use the same number for two different characters, or use different numbers for the same character. Any given computer especially servers would need to support many different encodings. However, when data is passed through different computers or between different encodings, that data runs the risk of corruption. Unicode has changed all that!
The Unicode Standard provides a unique number for every character, no matter what platform, device, application or language. It has been adopted by all modern software providers and now allows data to be transported through many different platforms, devices and applications without corruption. The how to change phpmyadmin password of the Unicode Standard and the availability whaat tools supporting it are among the most significant recent global software technology trends.
The Unicode Consortium is a non-profit, c 3 organization founded to develop, extend and promote use of the Unicode Standard and related globalization standards which specify the representation of text in modern what kind of tea speeds up your metabolism products and other standards.
The Consortium is supported financially through membership dues and donations. Membership in the Unicode Consortium is open to organizations and individuals anywhere in the world who support the Unicode Standard and wish to assist in its extension and implementation. All are invited to contribute to the support of the Consortium's important work by making a donation. This page used to feature a series of translations in many different languages and scripts, in part to highlight the scope and use of the Unicode Standard.
However, the original txet content of the page needed updating, and managing the update of all of the separate translations to match was not feasible. For archival purposes, the old text of the What is Unicode? However, please use that text with caution, because it is outdated. These days, Unicode implementations are so widespread that unicore is unicpde to find examples online in many languages and scripts. In particular, consulting any page in the Wikipedia will immediately uicode you click through to similar pages in other languages and writing systems, actively maintained by the large Wikipedia community of editors.
There are millions of articles in the Wikipedia, all using the Unicode Standard for the representation of text. General Information. Home Site Map Search. Looking for Translations? The Unicode Sea Change. The Unicode Standard. Guide to Unicode Tutorials. Technical Introduction. Useful Resources. Unicode Transcriptions. Unicode Consortium. What is Unicode?
Unicode is a character encoding standard that has widespread acceptance. Microsoft software uses Unicode at its core. Whether you realize it or not, you are using Unicode already! Basically, “computers just deal with numbers. So, in conclusion, UTF-8 really is just an intermediate data format used for the storage and transmission of Unicode-encoded text. Note: Some systems choose to use/store text using 32 bits per character, this is called UTF—there is also UTF but UTF-8 is the most common way to store Unicode-encoded text. Multilingual TeX files: XeTeX and. Feb 20, · Unicode (more specifically, UTFLE) CP_ACP, commonly known as the ANSI code page, although that is a misnomer CP_OEM, commonly known as the OEM code page, although that too is a misnomer. Three text file formats.
This is a list of Unicode characters ; there are , characters, with Unicode As it is not technically possible to list all of these characters in a single Wikipedia page, this list is limited to a subset of the most important characters for English-language readers, with links to other pages which list the supplementary characters. This article includes the characters in the Multilingual European Character Set 2 MES-2 subset, and some additional related characters.
The x must be lowercase in XML documents. The nnnn or hhhh may be any number of digits and may include leading zeros. The hhhh may mix uppercase and lowercase, though uppercase is the usual style. In contrast, a character entity reference refers to a character by the name of an entity which has the desired character as its replacement text.
The entity must either be predefined built into the markup language or explicitly declared in a Document Type Definition DTD. The format is the same as for any entity reference:. All belong to the common script. The Unicode Standard version The remaining 43 belong to the common script.
Certain special characters can be used in passwords; some organizations require their use. See the List of Special Characters for Passwords. The remaining 32 belong to the common script. For the rest, see Latin Extended Additional Unicode block. For polytonic orthography. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. For a higher-level list of entire blocks rather than individual characters, see Unicode block. Index of predominant national and selected regional or minority scripts.
Alphabetic [L]ogographic and [S]yllabic. Hangul a. Hanzi [L]. Hanja b [L]. North Indic. South Indic. Canadian syllabic. Main articles: Unicode control characters and C0 and C1 control codes. Main article: Latin script in Unicode. Main article: Basic Latin Unicode block. For the Wikipedia editor's handbook page, see Help:Special characters. Main article: Latin-1 Supplement Unicode block. Main article: Latin Extended-A Unicode block. Main article: Latin Extended-B Unicode block.
Main article: Latin Extended Additional Unicode block. Main articles: Phonetic transcription and Phonetic symbols in Unicode. Main article: Spacing Modifier Letters Unicode block. Main article: Combining character. Main article: Greek and Coptic Unicode block. Main article: Greek Extended Unicode block. Main articles: Cyrillic script in Unicode and Cyrillic Unicode block.
See also: Glagolitic Unicode block. Further information: Semitic languages. Main article: Brahmic scripts in Unicode. Main article: Unicode symbols. Main article: General Punctuation Unicode block. See also: Supplemental Punctuation Unicode block. Main article: Superscripts and Subscripts Unicode block. Main article: Currency Symbols Unicode block. Main article: Letterlike Symbols Unicode block. Main article: Number Forms Unicode block.
Main articles: Arrow symbol and Arrows Unicode block. Main articles: Mathematical operators and symbols in Unicode and Mathematical Operators Unicode block. Main article: Miscellaneous Technical Unicode block. Main article: Enclosed Alphanumerics Unicode block.
Main article: Box Drawing Unicode block. Main article: Block Elements Unicode block. See also: Box-drawing characters. Main article: Miscellaneous Symbols Unicode block.
Main article: Symbols for Legacy Computing Unicode block. Main article: Alphabetic Presentation Forms Unicode block. The character is deprecated, and its use is strongly discouraged. Unicode planes , and code point ranges used. Scripts and symbols in Unicode. Combining marks Diacritics Punctuation Space Numbers. Duployan SignWriting. Category: Unicode Category: Unicode blocks.
Mathematical notation , symbols , and formulas. Lists of Unicode and LaTeX mathematical symbols. List of mathematical symbols by subject List of logic symbols. Lists of Unicode symbols. List of Unicode characters Unicode block.
Mathematical operators and symbols Mathematical Operators. Supplemental Mathematical Operators Number Forms. Typographical conventions and notations. APL syntax and symbols. Diacritic Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering Latin letters used in mathematics List of letters used in mathematics and science. Mathematical notation Abbreviations Notation in probability and statistics List of common physics notations. Typographical conventions in mathematical formulae. Glossary of mathematical symbols Mathematical constants and functions Physical constants Table of mathematical symbols by introduction date.
Categories : Unicode Lists of symbols. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Arabic Hebrew. End-of-text character. End-of-transmission character. Acknowledge character. Shift Out. Shift In. Negative-acknowledge character. End of Transmission Block. Control Sequence Introducer. Number sign , Hashtag , Octothorpe , Sharp.