WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION
Mar 05, · Along with the operational definitions the Committee has also focused on identifying the key quantitative and qualitative factors for tourism competitiveness under two categories: 1. Governance, management and market dynamics; and 2. Destination appeal, attractors, products and supply. It is aimed that these operational definitions provide UNWTO members and other tourism stakeholders with a comprehensive and concise, operational, applicable and globally relevant conceptual framework . The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The Definition of Tourism varies source by source, person by person. There is no consensus concerning the definition of tourism. Nearly every definiton institution define "Tourism" differently.
But When it comes to explain it with the basic terms, we can sum it up as follows; "Tourism is a collection of what is tourism unwto definition, services and industries which deliver a travel experience comprising transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments, retail nuwto, entertainment businesses and othe hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home" "The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host goverments and host communities in the process of attracting and hostin these tourists and other visitors".
Macintosh and Goeldner. First Touism for Tourism. The first definition of tourism was made by Guyer Feuler in In order to what type of antenna do i need for free tv the disaccords to define "Tourism", UNWTO defined it as indicated below; "Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more wjat one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.
In order for tourism to happen, there must be a displacement: an individual has to travel, using any type of means of transportation he might even tourusm on foot: nowadays, unato is often the case for poorer societies, and happens even in more developed ones, and concerns si, hikers how to use microsoft office project. But all travel is not tourism. Three criteria are used simultaneously in definiton to characterize a trip as belonging to tourism.
The displacement must be such that. Tugberk the Heart of Software. After this article, you'll have an idea on definition of tourism. Tourism But When it comes to explain it with the basic terms, we can sum it up as unwtk "Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries which deliver a travel experience comprising transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses and othe hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home" "The sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host goverments and host communities in the process of attracting and hostin these tourists and other visitors" Macintosh and Goeldner First Definition for Tourism Touriam first definition of tourism was made by Guyer Feuler in UNWTO Definition of Tourism In order to prevent the disaccords to define "Tourism", UNWTO defined it as indicated below; "Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.
The displacement must be such that; It involves a displacement outside the usual environment: this term is of utmost importance and will be discussed later on; Type of purpose: the travel must occur for any purpose different from being remunerated from within the place visited: the previous limits, where tourism was restricted to recreation and visiting how to become a licensed real estate agent in colorado and friends are now expanded to include a vast array of purposes; Duration: only a maximal duration is mentioned, not a minimal.
Tourism displacement can be with or without an overnight stay. We shall definitioh the particularity of in transit visits, from a conceptual and statistical point of view. Net
ABOUT CULTURAL TOURISM. According to the definition adopted by the UNWTO General Assembly, at its 22nd session (), Cultural Tourism implies “A type of tourism activity in which the visitor’s essential motivation is to learn, discover, experience and consume the tangible and intangible cultural attractions/products in a tourism destination. Mar 30, · UNWTO Definition of Tourism. In order to prevent the disaccords to define "Tourism", UNWTO defined it as indicated below; "Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes." Tourism is different from travel. UNWTO takes charge of the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. UNWTOpromotes the value of tourism as a driver of .
These people are called visitors which may be either tourists or excursionists; residents or non-residents and tourism has to do with their activities, some of which involve tourism expenditure. Activity principal : The principal activity of a producer unit is the activity whose value added exceeds that of any other activity carried out within the same unit SNA , 5.
Activity productive : The productive activity carried out by a statistical unit is the type of production in which it engages. It has to be understood as a process, i. The classification of productive activities is determined by their principal output. Administrative data : Administrative data is the set of units and data derived from an administrative source. This is a data holding information collected and maintained for the purpose of implementing one or more administrative regulations.
Aggregated data : The result of transforming unit level data into quantitative measures for a set of characteristics of a population. Aggregation : A process that transforms microdata into aggregate-level information by using an aggregation function such as count, sum average, standard deviation, etc. Analytical unit : Entity created by statisticians, by splitting or combining observation units with the help of estimations and imputations.
Balance of payments : The balance of payments is a statistical statement that summarizes transactions between residents and non-residents during a period. It consists of the goods and services account, the primary income account, the secondary income account, the capital account, and the financial account BPM6, 2. Bias : An effect which deprives a statistical result of representativeness by systematically distorting it, as distinct from a random error which may distort on any one occasion but balances out on the average.
Business and professional purpose of a tourism trip : The business and professional purpose of a tourism trip includes the activities of the self-employed and employees, as long as they do not correspond to an implicit or explicit employer-employee relationship with a resident producer in the country or place visited, those of investors, businessmen, etc.
IRTS , 3. Business visitor : A business visitor is a visitor whose main purpose for a tourism trip corresponds to the business and professional category of purpose IRTS , 3. It is intended to serve as an international standard for assembling and tabulating all kinds of data requiring product detail, including industrial production, national accounts, service industries, domestic and foreign commodity trade, international trade in services, balance of payments, consumption and price statistics.
Other basic aims are to provide a framework for international comparison and promote harmonization of various types of statistics dealing with goods and services. Census : A census is the complete enumeration of a population or groups at a point in time with respect to well defined characteristics: for example, Population, Production, Traffic on particular roads. Coherence : Adequacy of statistics to be combined in different ways and for various uses.
Country of reference : The country of reference refers to the country for which the measurement is done. IRTS , 2. Country of residence : The country of residence of a household is determined according to the centre of predominant economic interest of its members. Country-specific tourism characteristic products and activities : To be determined by each country by applying the criteria of IRTS , 5. Data checking : Activity whereby the correctness conditions of the data are verified.
Data compilation : Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules. Data confrontation : The process of comparing data that has generally been derived from different surveys or other sources, especially those of different frequencies, in order to assess and possibly improve their coherency, and identify the reasons for any differences.
Data processing : Data processing is the operation performed on data by the organization, institute, agency, etc. Data reconciliation : The process of adjusting data derived from two different sources to remove, or at least reduce, the impact of differences identified.
Destination main destination of a trip : The main destination of a tourism trip is defined as the place visited that is central to the decision to take the trip. See also purpose of a tourism trip IRTS , 2. Documentation: Processes and procedures for imputation, weighting, confidentiality and suppression rules, outlier treatment and data capture should be fully documented by the survey provider.
Such documentation should be made available to at least the body financing the survey. Domestic tourism : Domestic tourism comprises the activities of a resident visitor within the country of reference, either as part of a domestic tourism trip or part of an outbound tourism trip IRTS , 2.
Domestic tourism consumption : Domestic tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a resident visitor within the economy of reference TSA:RMF , figure 2. Domestic tourism expenditure : Domestic tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a resident visitor within the economy of reference, IRTS , 4.
Domestic tourism trip : A domestic tourism trip is one with a main destination within the country of residence of the visitor IRTS , 2. Durable consumer goods : Durable consumer goods are goods that may be used repeatedly or continuously over a period of a year or more, assuming a normal or average rate of physical usage. When acquired by producers, these are considered to be capital goods used for production processes, as is the case of vehicles, computers, etc.
This definition is identical to the definition of SNA , 9. Dwellings : Each household has a principal dwelling sometimes also designated as main or primary home , usually defined with reference to time spent there, whose location defines the country of residence and place of usual residence of this household and of all its members.
All other dwellings owned or leased by the household are considered secondary dwellings IRTS , 2. Economic analysis : Tourism generates directly and indirectly an increase in economic activity in the places visited and beyond , mainly due to demand for goods and services thatneed to be produced and provided.
Economic impact studies aim to quantify economic benefits, that is, the net increase in the wealth of residents resulting from tourism, measured in monetary terms, over and above the levels that would prevail in its absence.
Economically active population : The economically active population or labour force comprises all persons of either sex who furnish the supply of labour for the production of goods and services as defined by the system of national accounts during a specified time-reference period ILO, Thirteenth ICLS, 6.
Employer-employee relationship : An employer-employee relationship exists when there is an agreement, which may be formal or informal, between an entity and an individual, normally entered into voluntarily by both parties, whereby the individual works for the entity in return for remuneration in cash or in kind BPM6, Employment : Persons in employment are all persons above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in paid employment or self-employment OECD GST, p.
Employment in tourism industries : Employment in tourism industries may be measured as a count of the persons employed in tourism industries in any of their jobs, as a count of the persons employed in tourism industries in their main job, or as a count of the jobs in tourism industries IRTS , 7.
It may be a corporation, a non-profit institution, or an unincorporated enterprise. Corporate enterprises and non-profit institutions are complete institutional units.
An unincorporated enterprise, however, refers to an institutional unit —a household or government unit —only in its capacity as a producer of goods and services OECD BD4, p.
Establishment : An establishment is an enterprise, or part of an enterprise, that is situated in a single location and in which only a single productive activity is carried out or in which the principal productive activity accounts for most of the value added SNA , 5.
Estimation : Estimation is concerned with inference about the numerical value of unknown population values from incomplete data such as a sample. Exports of goods and services : Exports of goods and services consist of sales, barter, or gifts or grants, of goods and services from residents to non-residents OECD GST, p.
Frame : A list, map or other specification of the units which define a population to be completely enumerated or sampled. Forms of tourism : There are three basic forms of tourism: domestic tourism, inbound tourism, and outbound tourism. These can be combined in various ways to derive the following additional forms of tourism: internal tourism, national tourism and international tourism. Goods : Goods are physical, produced objects for which a demand exists, over which ownership rights can be established and whose ownership can be transferred from one institutional unit to another by engaging in transactions on markets SNA , p.
Fixed assets are produced assets such as machinery, equipment, buildings or other structures that are used repeatedly or continuously in production over several accounting periods more than one year SNA , 1. Gross margin : The gross margin of a provider of reservation services is the difference between the value at which the intermediated service is sold and the value accrued to the provider of reservation services for this intermediated service.
Gross value added of tourism industries : Gross value added of tourism industries GVATI is the total gross value added of all establishments belonging to tourism industries, regardless of whether all their output is provided to visitors and the degree of specialization of their production process TSA:RMF , 4. Grossing up : Activity aimed at transforming, based on statistical methodology, micro-data from samples into aggregate-level information representative of the target population.
Imputation : Procedure for entering a value for a specific data item where the response is missing or unusable. Inbound tourism : Inbound tourism comprises the activities of a non-resident visitor within the country of reference on an inbound tourism trip IRTS , 2. Inbound tourism consumption : Inbound tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a non-resident visitor within the economy of reference TSA:RMF , figure 2.
Inbound tourism expenditure : Inbound tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a non-resident visitor within the economy of reference IRTS , 4. Institutional sector : An aggregation of institutional units on the basis of the type of producer and depending on their principal activity and function, which are considered to be indicative of their economic behaviour.
Institutional unit : The elementary economic decision-making centre characterised by uniformity of behaviour and decision-making autonomy in the exercise of its principal function. Intermediate consumption : Intermediate consumption consists of the value of the goods and services consumed as inputs by a process of production, excluding fixed assets whose consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital SNA , 6.
Internal tourism : Internal tourism comprises domestic tourism and inbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident and non-resident visitors within the country of reference as part of domestic or international tourism trips IRTS , 2. Internal tourism consumption : Internal tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of both resident and non-resident visitors within the economy of reference.
Internal tourism expenditure : Internal tourism expenditure comprises all tourism expenditure of visitors, both resident and non-resident, within the economy of reference. It is the sum of domestic tourism expenditure and inbound tourism expenditure.
It includes acquisition of goods and services imported into the country of reference and sold to visitors. This indicator provides the most comprehensive measurement of tourism expenditure in the economy of reference IRTS , 4. International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities : The International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities ISIC consists of a coherent and consistent classification structure of economic activities based on a set of internationally agreed concepts, definitions, principles and classification rules.
It provides a comprehensive framework within which economic data can be collected and reported in a format that is designed for purposes of economic analysis, decision-taking and policymaking.
The classification structure represents a standard format to organize detailed information about the state of an economy according to economic principles and perceptions ISIC, Rev. International tourism : International tourism comprises inbound tourism and outbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident visitors outside the country of reference, either as part of domestic or outbound tourism trips and the activities of non-resident visitors within the country of reference on inbound tourism trips IRTS , 2.
Job : The agreement between an employee and the employer defines a job and each self-employed person has a job SNA , Microdata : Non-aggregated observations, or measurements of characteristics of individual units. Mirror statistics : Mirror statistics are used to conduct bilateral comparisons of two basic measures of a trade flow and are a traditional tool for detecting the causes of asymmetries in statistics OECD GST, p.
National tourism : National tourism comprises domestic tourism and outbound tourism, that is to say, the activities of resident visitors within and outside the country of reference, either as part of domestic or outbound tourism trips IRTS , 2. National tourism consumption : National tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of resident visitors, within and outside the economy of reference. National tourism expenditure : National tourism expenditure comprises all tourism expenditure of resident visitors within and outside the economy of reference.
It is the sum of domestic tourism expenditure and outbound tourism expenditure IRTS , 4. Non-monetary indicators : Data measured in physical or other non-monetary units should not be considered a secondary part of a satellite account.
They are essential components, both for the information they provide directly and in order to analyse the monetary data adequately SNA , Observation unit : entity on which information is received and statistics are compiled.
Outbound tourism : Outbound tourism comprises the activities of a resident visitor outside the country of reference, either as part of an outbound tourism trip or as part of a domestic tourism trip IRTS , 2. Outbound tourism consumption : Outbound tourism consumption is the tourism consumption of a resident visitor outside the economy of reference TSA:RMF , figure 2.
Outbound tourism expenditure : Outbound tourism expenditure is the tourism expenditure of a resident visitor outside the economy of reference IRTS , 4. Output : Output is defined as the goods and services produced by an establishment, a excluding the value of any goods and services used in an activity for which the establishment does not assume the risk of using the products in production, and b excluding the value of goods and services consumed by the same establishment except for goods and services used for capital formation fixed capital or changes in inventories or own final consumption SNA , 6.
Output main : The main output of a productive activity should be determined by reference to the value added of the goods sold or services rendered ISIC rev. Pilot survey : The aim of a pilot survey is to test the questionnaire pertinence of the questions, understanding of questions by those being interviewed, duration of the interview and to check various potential sources for sampling and non-sampling errors: for instance, the place in which the surveys are carried out and the method used, the identification of any omitted answers and the reason for the omission, problems of communicating in various languages, translation, the mechanics of data collection, the organization of field work, etc.
Probability sample : A sample selected by a method based on the theory of probability random process , that is, by a method involving knowledge of the likelihood of any unit being selected. Production account : The production account records the activity of producing goods and services as defined within the SNA.
Its balancing item, gross value added, is defined as the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption and is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an individual producer, industry or sector. Gross value added is the source from which the primary incomes of the SNA are generated and is therefore carried forward into the primary distribution of income account.