What Happened to Confederate Leaders After They Lost the Civil War?
Dec 16, · What we learn about the aftermath of the American Civil War in history class is usually the Reconstruction era. What happened to the individuals who drove the war? Lincoln was assassinated, his successor Andrew Johnson was impeached (but not convicted), and U.S. Grant became president. What about the leaders of the Confederacy? Aug 20, · Led by Jefferson Davis and existing from to , the Confederacy struggled for legitimacy and was never recognized as a sovereign nation. After .
Submit your own Neatorama post and vote for others' posts to earn NeatoPoints that you can redeem for T-shirts, hoodies and more over at the NeatoShop! What we learn about the aftermath of the American Civil War in history class is usually the Reconstruction era.
What happened to the individuals who drove the war? Lincoln was assassinated, his successor Andrew Johnson was impeached but not convictedand U. Grant became president. What about the leaders of the Confederacy? Considering the lack dar history class mentions, you'd think they faded into obscurity, but that was not the case- at least immediately after the war. He was released from indemnity by Andrew Johnson, a pro-slavery, anti-Black President. He was elected to the Senate, which refused to allow him to sit; was elected to Congress; and became the governor of Georgia.
Abusive comment hidden. Show it anyway. When I wrote feature articles for mental floss, they ths a team of fact-checkers go over everything.
That's been quite some time ago. I wasn't sure why Mental Floss linked to this back in August when I first read what does the word luddite mean and am confedderacy sure why it's secondarily being linked from here now.
It's not an article, but merely one of 14 answers to a Quora question. No citations or other markers to validate any of the statements conederacy. Maybe it's all true or maybe not. Just don't get why, what is essentially the equivalent to making happene comment here, is being treated like a well-researched article in some history periodical. We hope you like what you see! Please share: Tweet. Email This Post t a Friend. Fonfederacy multiple emails with a comma.
Limit 5. Send Email Cancel.
Emancipation and Reconstruction
Reconstruction , the turbulent era following the Civil War, was the effort to reintegrate Southern states from the Confederacy and 4 million newly-freed people into the United States. Outrage in the North over these codes eroded support for the approach known as Presidential Reconstruction and led to the triumph of the more radical wing of the Republican Party.
During Radical Reconstruction, which began with the passage of the Reconstruction Act of , newly enfranchised Black people gained a voice in government for the first time in American history, winning election to southern state legislatures and even to the U. In less than a decade, however, reactionary forces—including the Ku Klux Klan —would reverse the changes wrought by Radical Reconstruction in a violent backlash that restored white supremacy in the South.
At the outset of the Civil War , to the dismay of the more radical abolitionists in the North, President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort. To do so, he feared, would drive the border slave states still loyal to the Union into the Confederacy and anger more conservative northerners.
Emancipation changed the stakes of the Civil War, ensuring that a Union victory would mean large-scale social revolution in the South. It was still very unclear, however, what form this revolution would take.
Over the next several years, Lincoln considered ideas about how to welcome the devastated South back into the Union, but as the war drew to a close in early , he still had no clear plan. In a speech delivered on April 11, while referring to plans for Reconstruction in Louisiana , Lincoln proposed that some Black people—including free Black people and those who had enlisted in the military—deserved the right to vote.
He was assassinated three days later, however, and it would fall to his successor to put plans for Reconstruction in place. Apart from being required to uphold the abolition of slavery in compliance with the 13th Amendment to the Constitution , swear loyalty to the Union and pay off war debt, southern state governments were given free rein to rebuild themselves.
These repressive codes enraged many in the North, including numerous members of Congress, which refused to seat congressmen and senators elected from the southern states. The first bill extended the life of the bureau, originally established as a temporary organization charged with assisting refugees and formerly enslaved people, while the second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens who were to enjoy equality before the law.
After Johnson vetoed the bills—causing a permanent rupture in his relationship with Congress that would culminate in his impeachment in —the Civil Rights Act became the first major bill to become law over presidential veto. The participation of African Americans in southern public life after would be by far the most radical development of Reconstruction, which was essentially a large-scale experiment in interracial democracy unlike that of any other society following the abolition of slavery. Southern Black people won election to southern state governments and even to the U.
Congress during this period. After , an increasing number of southern whites turned to violence in response to the revolutionary changes of Radical Reconstruction. The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organizations targeted local Republican leaders, white and Black, and other African Americans who challenged white authority. Though federal legislation passed during the administration of President Ulysses S.
Grant in took aim at the Klan and others who attempted to interfere with Black suffrage and other political rights, white supremacy gradually reasserted its hold on the South after the early s as support for Reconstruction waned. Racism was still a potent force in both South and North, and Republicans became more conservative and less egalitarian as the decade continued.
In —after an economic depression plunged much of the South into poverty—the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives for the first time since the Civil War.
When Democrats waged a campaign of violence to take control of Mississippi in , Grant refused to send federal troops, marking the end of federal support for Reconstruction-era state governments in the South. In the contested presidential election that year, Republican candidate Rutherford B.
Hayes reached a compromise with Democrats in Congress: In exchange for certification of his election, he acknowledged Democratic control of the entire South. A century later, the legacy of Reconstruction would be revived during the civil rights movement of the s, as African Americans fought for the political, economic and social equality that had long been denied them.
But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. One of the most important aspects of Reconstruction was the active participation of African Americans including thousands of formerly enslaved people in the political, economic and social life of the South. The era was to a great extent defined by their quest for autonomy and Between and , the U. A white slaveholding south that had built its economy and culture on The 15th Amendment granting African American men the right to vote was adopted into the U.
Constitution in Despite the amendment, by the late s discriminatory practices were used to prevent Black citizens from exercising their right to vote, especially in the South. In September , a dispute over a column published in an Opelousas, Louisiana partisan newspaper provoked one of the bloodiest incidents of racial violence in the Reconstruction era.
The attackers' goal: to reverse dramatic political gains made by Black citizens after the When slavery ended in the United States, freedom still eluded African Americans who were contending with the repressive set of laws known as the black codes. Widely enacted throughout the South following the Civil War—a period called Reconstruction—these laws both limited the Segregation is the practice of requiring separate housing, education and other services for people of color.
Segregation was made law several times in 18th and 19th-century America as some believed that Black and white people were incapable of coexisting. In the lead-up to the In the immediate aftermath of the Civil War, the United States found itself in uncharted territory. Live TV. This Day In History.
History Vault. Emancipation and Reconstruction At the outset of the Civil War , to the dismay of the more radical abolitionists in the North, President Abraham Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal of the Union war effort. Black Leaders During Reconstruction. Blacks in the Military. General Sherman's Legacy.
Black History Month. Black Leaders During Reconstruction One of the most important aspects of Reconstruction was the active participation of African Americans including thousands of formerly enslaved people in the political, economic and social life of the South.
The Louisiana Massacre that Reversed Reconstruction-Era Gains In September , a dispute over a column published in an Opelousas, Louisiana partisan newspaper provoked one of the bloodiest incidents of racial violence in the Reconstruction era.
A Look Back at Segregation in the United States Segregation is the practice of requiring separate housing, education and other services for people of color.