What does eye of the beholder mean

what does eye of the beholder mean

What Does “Created Equal” Mean?

Mar 19,  · The adage that beauty is in the eye of the beholder posits a subjective interpretation of physical attractiveness. Yet there is strong consensus between observers as to which individuals are. Mar 23,  · As long as real growth is in the future, and there is a saleable story in place beauty, I mean valuation is in the eye of the beholder. The Chart Really quite meaningless at this point.

Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. These adverts enable local businesses to get in front of their target audience — the local community. It is important that we continue to promote these adverts as our local businesses need as much support as possible during these challenging times. IT was a gripping speech. David Davis read it well. Yes, SNP personnel were blunt about their ahat boss, and did play amateur sleuths over complaints, but that does not a conspiracy make.

And it is quite a conspiracy Mr Salmond is suggesting - that a raft of powerful people would have put him behind bars as part of a media management strategy gone rogue.

Quite so. Lord knows, the Salmond affair has exposed all manner of shabby, misguided and derelict behaviour at what does eye of the beholder mean top of Government and the SNP. The First Minister does not appear to have been straight with Holyrood about what she knew and when. There are very serious questions about the credibility of her chief of staff.

Had he provided it honourably on time, it would undoubtedly have led to difficult questions for her. The Lord Advocate looks naive.

Civil servants made shocking, elementary mistakes at the outset of the complaints process, then had to have the truth wrung out of them.

Duds who ought to have been shown the door or precipitously demoted are inexplicably still in their jobs. Coes is another way to look at those text messages.

Rather than a contrived bid to protect Ms Sturgeon, they may simply have been born out of a genuine belief that Mr Salmond was a lecherous menace who deserved a reckoning with the justice system. As his trial showed, he did behave inappropriately with colleagues and was drunkenly game for adultery. Conspiracies are in the eye of the beholder, and Mr Salmond has made a comfort blanket out of his.

You may also wonder if his anger is rooted in a Trump-style presumption that people in the Government and SNP owed him their absolute loyalty.

One of the most intriguing comments in his inquiry testimony last month was about those messages. As if people who had known him for 30 years should have taken their shared history what part of the animal cell modifies and sorts proteins account.

But what is a political forum people had bitten their tongues, regardless of their misgivings and information gleaned from complainers, that really would be a conspiracy - a conspiracy of silence.

Wow, even the opposition at Holyrood is in on it. The bug-eyed bores with theories about the death of Willie McRae and MI5 fifth yee will see the Salmond files as part of the beolder endless Unionist web. The conspiracy shall never die, and all that. We may then apply our discretion under the user terms to amend or delete comments.

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He may not like to think too much about that, but it doesn’t mean people only took action because of a plot. Conspiracies are in the eye of the beholder, and Mr Salmond has made a comfort. To a degree, beauty is in the eye of the beholder, but it should mean easy to use, intuitive and meeting customer needs. It means bringing what is most important to the customer to the forefront. In Greek mythology and later Roman mythology, the Cyclopes (/ s a? ? k l o? p i? z / sy-KLOH-peez; Greek: ????????, Kyklopes, "Circle-eyes" or "Round-eyes"; singular Cyclops / ? s a? k l ? p s / SY-klops; ??????, Kyklops) are giant one-eyed creatures. Three groups of Cyclopes can be distinguished. In Hesiod's Theogony, they are the brothers Brontes, Steropes, and Arges.

In Hesiod 's Theogony , they are the brothers Brontes, Steropes, and Arges , who provided Zeus with his weapon the thunderbolt. In Homer 's Odyssey , they are an uncivilized group of shepherds, the brethren of Polyphemus encountered by Odysseus.

Cyclopes were also famous as the builders of the Cyclopean walls of Mycenae and Tiryns. The fifth-century BC playwright Euripides wrote a satyr play entitled Cyclops , about Odysseus' encounter with Polyphemus.

Mentions of the Hesiodic and the wall-builder Cyclopes also figure in his plays. From at least the fifth-century BC, Cyclopes have been associated with the island of Sicily and the volcanic Aeolian Islands. Three groups of Cyclopes can be distinguished: the Hesiodic, the Homeric and the wall-builders.

In Homer 's Odyssey , the Cyclopes are an uncivilized group of shepherds, one of whom, Polyphemus , the son of Poseidon , is encountered by Odysseus. Cyclopes were also said to have been the builders of the Cyclopean walls of Mycenae and Tiryns. Hesiod , in the Theogony c. According to the accounts of Hesiod and mythographer Apollodorus , the Cyclopes had been imprisoned by their father Uranus. Although the primordial Cyclopes of the Theogony were presumably immortal as were their brothers the Titans , the sixth-century BC Hesiodic Catalogue of Women , has them being killed by Apollo.

The Cyclopes' prowess as craftsmen is stressed by Hesiod who says "strength and force and contrivances were in their works. According to a Hellenistic astral myth, the Cyclopes were the builders of the first altar. The myth was a catasterism , which explained how the constellation the Altar Ara came to be in the heavens. According to the myth, the Cyclopes built an altar upon which Zeus and the other gods swore alliance before their war with the Titans. After their victory, "the gods placed the altar in the sky in commemoration", and thus began the practice, according to the myth, of men swearing oaths upon altars "as a guarantee of their good faith".

According to the second-century geographer Pausanias , there was a sanctuary called the "altar of the Cyclopes" on the Isthmus of Corinth at a place sacred to Poseidon, where sacrifices were offered to the Cyclopes. Walter Burkert suggests that groups or societies of lesser gods, like the Hesiodic Cyclopes, "mirror real cult associations thiasoi It may be surmised that smith guilds lie behind Cabeiri , Idaian Dactyloi , Telchines , and Cyclopes.

In an episode of Homer 's Odyssey c. They have no knowledge of agriculture, ships or craft. They live apart and lack any laws. The fifth-century BC playwright Euripides also told the story of Odysseus' encounter with Polyphemus in his satyr play Cyclops. Euripides' Cyclopes, like Homer's, are uncultured cave-dwelling shepherds. They have no agriculture, no wine, and live on milk, cheese and the meat of sheep. They live solitary lives, and have no government. They are inhospitable to strangers, slaughtering and eating all who come to their land.

For Virgil apparently, these Homeric Cyclopes are members of the same race of Cyclopes as Hesiod's Brontes and Steropes, who live nearby. Cyclopes were also said to have been the builders of the so-called 'Cyclopean' walls of Mycenae , Tiryns , and Argos.

These master builders were famous in antiquity from at least the fifth century BC onwards. The late fifth and early fourth-century BC comic poet Nicophon wrote a play called either Cheirogastores or Encheirogastores Hands-to-Mouth , which is thought to have been about these Cyclopean wall-builders. The first-century natural philosopher Pliny the Elder , in his Natural History , reported a tradition, attributed to Aristotle , that the Cyclopes were the inventors of masonry towers.

For example, Pausanias says that at Argos there was "a head of Medusa made of stone, which is said to be another of the works of the Cyclopes". Then [Gaia] bore the Cyclopes, who have very violent hearts, Brontes Thunder and Steropes Lightning and strong-spirited Arges Bright , those who gave thunder to Zeus and fashioned the thunderbolt.

These were like the gods in other regards, but only one eye was set in the middle of their foreheads; [57] and they were called Cyclopes Circle-eyed by name, since a single circle-shaped eye was set in their foreheads. Strength and force and contrivances were in their works.

Following the Cyclopes, Gaia next gave birth to three more monstrous brothers, the Hecatoncheires , or Hundred-Handed Giants. Uranus hated his monstrous children, [59] and as soon as each was born, he imprisoned them underground, somewhere deep inside Gaia. For this failing, Gaia foretold that Cronus would eventually be overthrown by one of his children, as he had overthrown his own father.

To prevent this, as each of his children were born, Cronus swallowed them whole; as gods they were not killed, but imprisoned within his belly. His wife, Rhea, sought her mother's advice to avoid losing all of her children in this way, and Gaia advised her to give Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes.

In this way, Zeus was spared the fate of his elder siblings, and was hidden away by his mother. When he was grown, Zeus forced his father to vomit up his siblings, who rebelled against the Titans.

Zeus released the Cyclopes and Hecatoncheires, who became his allies. While the Hundred-Handed Giants fought alongside Zeus and his siblings, the Cyclopes gave Zeus his great weapon, the thunderbolt, with the aid of which he was eventually able to overthrow the Titans, establishing himself as the ruler of the cosmos. In Book 9, Homer gives a more detailed description of the Cyclopes as:. Neither assemblies for council have they, nor appointed laws, but they dwell on the peaks of lofty mountains in hollow caves, and each one is lawgiver to his children and his wives, and they reck nothing one of another.

According to Homer, the Cyclopes have no ships, nor ship-wrights, nor other craftsman, and know nothing of agriculture. Homer says that "godlike" Polyphemus, the son of Poseidon and the nymph Thoosa , the daughter of Phorcys , is the "greatest among all the Cyclopes".

For he was fashioned a wondrous monster, and was not like a man that lives by bread, but like a wooded peak of lofty mountains, which stands out to view alone, apart from the rest, [70] Although Homer does not say explicitly that Polyphemus is one-eyed, for the account of his blinding to make sense he must be.

The Hesiodic Cyclopes: makers of Zeus' thunderbolts, the Homeric Cyclopes: brothers of Polyphemus , and the Cyclopean wall-builders, all figure in the plays of the fifth-century BC playwright Euripides.

In his play Alcestis , where we are told that the Cyclopes who forged Zeus' thunderbolts, were killed by Apollo. The prologue of that play has Apollo explain:. House of Admetus! In you I brought myself to taste the bread of menial servitude, god though I am. As my punishment for this Zeus compelled me to be a serf in the house of a mortal. Euripides' satyr play Cyclops tells the story of Odysseus ' encounter with the Cyclops Polyphemus , famously told in Homer 's Odyssey.

Several of Euripides' plays also make reference to the Cyclopean wall-builders. Callimachus has the Cyclopes make Artemis ' bow, arrows and quiver, just as they had apparently made those of Apollo.

And the nymphs were affrighted when they saw the terrible monsters like unto the crags of Ossa: all had single eyes beneath their brows, like a shield of fourfold hide for size, glaring terribly from under; and when they heard the din of the anvil echoing loudly, and the great blast of the bellows and the heavy groaning of the Cyclopes themselves.

For Aetna cried aloud, and Trinacia cried, the seat of the Sicanians, cried too their neighbour Italy, and Cyrnos therewithal uttered a mighty noise, when they lifted their hammers above their shoulders and smote with rhythmic swing the bronze glowing from the furnace or iron, labouring greatly. Wherefore the daughters of Oceanus could not untroubled look upon them face to face nor endure the din in their ears.

No shame to them! But when any of the maidens doth disobedience to her mother, the mother calls the Cyclopes to her child—Arges or Steropes; and from within the house comes Hermes, stained with burnt ashes. But thou, Maiden, even earlier, while yet but three years old, when Leto came bearing thee in her arms at the bidding of Hephaestus that he might give thee handsel and Brontes set thee on his stout knees—thou didst pluck the shaggy hair of his great breast and tear it out by force.

Cyclopes, for me too fashion ye a Cydonian bow and arrows and a hollow casket for my shafts; for I also am a child of Leto, even as Apollo. And if I with my bow shall slay some wild creature or monstrous beast, that shall the Cyclopes eat. The first-century BC Roman poet Virgil seems to combine the Cyclopes of Hesiod with those of Homer, having them live alongside each other in the same part of Sicily. Approaching Sicily and Mount Etna, in Book 3 of the Aeneid , Aeneas manages to survive the dangerous Charybdis , and at sundown comes to the land of the Cyclopes, while "near at hand Aetna thunders".

We see them, standing impotent with glaring eye, the Aetnean brotherhood, their heads towering to the sky, a grim conclave: even as when on a mountaintop lofty oaks or cone-clad cypresses stand in mass, a high forest of Jove or grove of Diana. Later, in Book 8 of the same poem, Virgil has the Hesiodic Cyclopes Brontes and Steropes, along with a third Cyclopes which he names Pyracmon, work in an extensive network of caverns stretching from Mount Etna to the Aeolian Islands.

In the vast cave the Cyclopes were forging iron—Brontes and Steropes and bare-limbed Pyracmon. They had a thunderbolt, which their hands had shaped, like the many that the Father hurls down from all over heaven upon earth, in part already polished, while part remained unfinished.

Three shafts of twisted hail they had added to it, three of watery cloud, three of ruddy flame and the winged South Wind; now they were blending into the work terrifying flashes, noise, and fear, and wrath with pursuing flames. Elsewhere they were hurrying on for Mars a chariot and flying wheels, with which he stirs upmen and cities; and eagerly with golden scales of serpents were burnishing the awful aegis, armour of wrathful Pallas, the interwoven snakes, and on the breast of the goddess the Gorgon herself, with neck severed and eyes revolving.

The mythographer Apollodorus , gives an account of the Hesiodic Cyclopes similar to that of Hesiod's, but with some differences, and additional details.

Uranus bound the Hundred-Handers and the Cyclopes, and cast them all into Tartarus , "a gloomy place in Hades as far distant from earth as earth is distant from the sky. As in Hesiod's account, Rhea saved Zeus from being swallowed by Cronus, and Zeus was eventually able to free his siblings, and together they waged war against the Titans.

So Zeus slew their warder Campe a detail not found in Hesiod and released them, and in addition to giving Zeus his thunderbolt as in Hesiod , the Cyclopes also gave Poseidon his trident , and Hades a helmet presumably the same cap of invisibility which Athena borrowed in the Iliad , and "with these weapons the gods overcame the Titans".

Apollodorus also mentions a tomb of Geraestus, "the Cyclops" at Athens upon which, in the time of king Aegeus , the Athenians sacrificed the daughters of Hyacinth. Dionysiaca , composed in the 4th or 5th century BC, is the longest surviving poem from antiquity — 20, lines. It is written by the poet Nonnus in the Homeric dialect , and its main subject is the life of Dionysus. It describes a war that occurred between Dionysus' troops and those of the Indian king Deriades.

In book 28 of the Dionysiaca the Cyclopes join with Dionysian troops, and they prove to be great warriors and crush most of the Indian king's troops. Depictions of the Cyclops Polyphemus have differed radically, depending on the literary genres in which he has appeared, and have given him an individual existence independent of the Homeric herdsman encountered by Odysseus. In the epic he was a man-eating monster dwelling in an unspecified land. Some centuries later, a dithyramb by Philoxenus of Cythera , followed by several episodes by the Greek pastoral poets , created of him a comedic and generally unsuccessful lover of the water nymph Galatea.

In the course of these he woos his love to the accompaniment of either a cithara or the pan-pipes. Such episodes take place on the island of Sicily, and it was here that the Latin poet Ovid also set the tragic love story of Polyphemus and Galatea recounted in the Metamorphoses.

From at least the fifth-century BC onwards, Cyclopes have been associated with the island of Sicily , or the volcanic Aeolian islands just off Sicily's north coast. The fifth-century BC historian Thucydides says that the "earliest inhabitants" of Sicily were reputed to be the Cyclopes and Laestrygones another group of man-eating giants encountered by Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey. Euripides locates Odysseus' Cyclopes on the island of Sicily , near the volcano Mount Etna , [] and in the same play addresses Hephaestus as "lord of Aetna".

He has the thunderbolt makers: "Brontes and Steropes and bare-limbed Pyracmon", work in vast caverns extending underground from Mount Etna to the island of Vulcano, [] while the Cyclops brethren of Polyphemus live on Sicily where "near at hand Aetna thunders".

As Thucydides notes, in the case of Hephaestus' forge on Vulcano, [] locating the Cyclopes' forge underneath active volcanoes provided an explanation for the fire and smoke often seen rising from them. A possible origin for one-eyed Cyclopes was advanced by the palaeontologist Othenio Abel in Abel suggested that the large, central nasal cavity for the trunk in the skull might have been interpreted as a large single eye-socket.

A rare birth defect can result in foetuses both human and animal which have a single eye located in the middle of their foreheads.

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